A. Research & Analysis

APERC's energy research is designed to foster understanding among APEC economies of global, regional and domestic energy issues facing the region.

APERC's research themes are carefully selected to address relevant issues in support of the objectives and priorities of APEC Energy Ministers and the APEC Energy Working Group (EWG). APEC's Fourteen Non-Binding Energy Policy Principles, agreed at the First Meeting of APEC Energy Ministers in Australia in August 1996, have become APERC's broad guidelines for selecting research topics which support the overall energy policy development of member economies. The selection criteria used are: high priority for the majority of member economies, agreement on policy principles, APERC's comparative advantage, business information needs, relevance to other expert groups, and relevance to existing and ongoing studies in the region or in the world. In general, the topics are categorised in the following areas:

- APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook

The Outlook is designed to provide a basic point of reference for anyone wishing to become more informed about the energy choices facing the APEC region. The business-as-usual projections illustrate the risks of the development path the APEC region is now on. Alternative scenarios examine options for improving sustainability. APERC normally prepares a new version of the Outlook every 2 or 3 years. The 8th edition is planned for release in the first half of 2022.
See Outlook Publications

- APEC Energy Overview

This annual publication has a chapter discussing the current energy situation in each APEC economy, including energy supply and demand, key energy policies, notable energy developments, useful links, and further references. APEC Energy Overview 2021 was published in October 2021.
See Energy Overview Publications

- Energy Policy Analysis

APEC economies, especially those undergoing rapid economic development, face serious energy policy challenges as they attempt to build and maintain the energy supply infrastructure needed to ensure national wealth creation and social well-being. Energy policy must strike a balance between the common - but sometimes conflicting - over-arching goals of economic growth, security of supply, and environmental integrity. Through rigorous analyses, APERC identifies important energy issues and policy priorities, and it brings them to the attention of APEC policy-makers.
See Fossil Fuel Report,
Independent Research,

B. APEC Cooperative Activities

In addition to research, APERC coordinates several projects which cooperate directly with APEC member economies to realize their energy policy goals. These projects include peer reviews and workshops involving experts from both within and outside the APEC region. These projects are called APEC "Cooperative Activities".

The first Cooperative Activities were started to help APEC economies in improving their energy efficiency. Later, projects for promoting the development of low-carbon energy supply at both the economy-wide and town levels followed. Furthermore, APERC has started activities for improving the security of oil and gas supply in the APEC region. These Cooperative Activities are described below.

- Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE)

APEC Leaders have agreed to an APEC-wide regional goal of reducing energy intensity (energy per unit of GDP) by at least 45 percent by 2035, using 2005 as a base year. The Peer Review on Energy Efficiency (PREE), which is coordinated by APERC, is one mechanism designed to help the APEC economies achieve this goal. Each PREE Peer Review focuses on the energy efficiency policies of a single volunteer APEC member economy, referred to as the host economy. The work is carried out by a Review Team of experts from other member economies and international institutions jointly selected by the host economy and APERC. In some cases, a "Follow-Up PREE" may also be conducted, which is designed to assist former PREE host economies in implementing the earlier recommendations of the PREE review teams. The Follow-up PREE in Indonesia was held online from November 9 to 11 in 2021. Its report will be published in the first half of 2022.

The PREE project also includes Energy Efficiency Policy Workshop, which succeeds Cooperative Energy Efficiency Design for Sustainability (CEEDS) project as a forum to further discuss key issues in the previous PREEs.
See PREE Publications

- Peer Review on Low Carbon Energy Policies (PRLCE)

The Peer Review on Low Carbon Energy Policies (PRLCE) responds to the instructions of the APEC Energy Ministers in their June 2010 Fukui Declaration to “explore mechanisms to encourage APEC economies to set individual goals and action plans for introducing low-emission power sources”. The program is modelled after the APEC PREE discussed above but focuses on policies for promoting the development of low carbon energy supply.
See PRLCE Publications

- Low Carbon Model Town Project (LCMT)

The Low Carbon Model Town (LCMT) Project seeks to promote low-carbon technologies in city planning in order to manage rapidly growing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in urban areas of the APEC region. The LCMT wrap-up symposium was held online on September 10 in 2021. Its summary report will be published in the first half of 2022.
See LCMT Publications

- APEC Oil and Gas Security Initiatives (OGSI)

With growing energy demand, the APEC region is confronted with greater challenges of securing supply of energy resources to meet domestic requirement of each economy.

The primary purpose of the APEC Oil and Gas Security Initiative (OGSI) is to aid economies address the issue on energy supply security, and on how to deal with the threats of possible supply shortage and/or emergency situations.

The OGSI was launched in November 2014 as a continuation of the APEC Oil and Gas Security Exercises (OGSE) project in 2013. The project has broader coverage consisting of three (3) major pillars: Oil and Gas Security Exercise (OGSE), Oil and Gas Security Network (OGSN), and Oil and Gas Security Studies (OGSS).
See OGSEI Publications

C. Know-How Transfer Program

This program refers to special training sessions which are conducted on a regular basis in order to build the capacity of APEC member economies in energy data management and in projecting energy demand and supply. The program used to be coordinated by the International Cooperation Group of the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ) until 2014. With the establishment of the Energy Statistics and Training Office (ESTO) in APERC in 2015, APERC implemented this program on its own.

This program consists of two components. The first is the Seminar on Energy Supply and Demand Outlook, an annual training course held in Tokyo for energy officials and researchers from APEC member economies. The trainees attend a series of lectures and conduct a series of practice exercises covering a broad range of topics, including macroeconomic concepts and their relations to energy, energy balance table preparation, and energy demand and supply modelling. The second component is the dispatch of experts to specific APEC economies to present short courses. These may be a follow-up activity for the trainees who came to Tokyo, as well as an opportunity for additional officials and researchers to participate in the training.
See EGEDA Training Program

D. Energy Data Network Service

This service is sponsored by APERC and was coordinated by the IEEJ's Energy Data and Modelling Center (EDMC) under the supervision of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA). EDMC began compiling energy statistics for APEC economies after the first meeting of the Energy Data Expert Group (EDEG) - the predecessor to EGEDA - held in Tokyo in 1990. In 2015, with the establishment of ESTO, APERC took the responsibility in continuing this service.

Currently, the database is available on the Internet and in a hardcopy version. The database comprises a broad range of statistics, such as energy balance tables, electricity generation capacities, energy prices and CO2 emissions. Additionally, a website for members only provides additional energy-related statistics, such as production of major products, transportation demand, number of households, and cooling and heating degree-days.
See APEC Energy Database

E. Other Activities

- APERC Annual Conference

The APERC Annual Conference is an invitation-only event aimed at bringing together international energy experts and policy makers to discuss topical energy issues and challenges. Insights from the conference shape ongoing and future APERC research activities, including its triennial flagship publication of the APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook.
See APERC Annual Conference

- IEEJ / APERC International Energy Symposium

The first IEEJ / APERC International Energy Symposium was organized in 2015 as a special “pre-event” before the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ) and APERC celebrated their respective 50th and 20th anniversaries in 2016. Since then, it has been held once a year as a major event for IEEJ and APERC to address world-wide topical issues in the presence of distinguished speakers and an audience of 300-400 people.
See IEEJ / APERC International Energy Symposium

- LNG Producer-Consumer Conference

Since 2012, APERC has co-hosted with the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry an annual conference to invite energy ministers and corporate leaders from all over the world as speakers in a view to serving as a forum for producing and consuming countries to share views on the long-term prospects for LNG demand and supply and to promote cooperation toward greater transparency in LNG markets.
See LNG Producer-Consumer Conference